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INSTALLATIONS - PILOT UNITS - PRODUCTION FACILITIES - EXPERTISE

R&D TESTING SOURCING AUDITING MARKETS LABORATORIES
ELECTROCHEM TECHNOLOGIES & MATERIALS INC. - R&D LABS
ELECTROCHEM TECHNOLOGIES & MATERIALS INC. - R&D LABS
ELECTROCHEM TECHNOLOGIES & MATERIALS INC.
ELECTROCHEM TECHNOLOGIES & MATERIALS INC.
ELECTROCHEM TECHNOLOGIES & MATERIALS INC. ELECTROCHEM TECHNOLOGIES & MATERIALS INC.
ELECTROCHEM TECHNOLOGIES & MATERIALS INC. ELECTROCHEM TECHNOLOGIES & MATERIALS INC.

APPLIED RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT [top]

ELECTROCHEM TECHNOLOGIES & MATERIALS INC. is primarily a R&D and technology development company that invents, develops, scales-up and commercializes proprietary electrochemical technologies and manufacture industrial electrode materials that are innovative and sustainable.  Our targeted global markets are the mining, mineral processing, metallurgical and chemical industries with a particular focus on recycling, remediation, regeneration and treatment of mining residues, spent acids, pregnant leach solutions (PLS), end-of-life (EoL) materials, metallurgical wastes, and industrial wastes.

EXPERIMENTAL, SCOPING TESTS & SCALE-UP [top]

We also provide professional services performed in our fully equipped 700-square foot laboratory (see below), that include experimental test work, laboratory-scale research on novel hydro-, electro-, or pyrometallurgical and chemical processes or adaptation of existing chemical or metallurgical technologies to address new industrial situations and market transformations, followed by mini-pilot plant demonstration, preliminary engineering, and preliminary cost and benefits analysis. Projects range from laboratory-scale experiments to continuous pilot or demonstration plants.

SOURCING OF STRATEGIC METALS & RAW MATERIALS [top]

Because of our extensive knowledge of materials and in collaboration with experienced geologists and mining engineers, we are also involved in the geological exploration and the mining prospection for the sourcing of strategic raw materials and metals worldwide. This in order to satisfy the needs of either private investors, corporations or government institutions.  Arbitrarily, we decided with our collaborators to focuss only on promising and rich metal deposits requiring small annual production tonnages and hence do not require large capital investments to become commercial.  The strategic metals investigated are listed hereafter:

TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT, PLANT AUDITING & DUE DILIGENCE [top]

Based on our comprehensive network of contacts and collaborations in the mining, metallurgical and chemical industries, we help our clients to identify sound business opportunities and/or potential acquisitions worldwide, the following type of industries are specifically targeted:

MARKET ANALYSIS, PROFESSIONAL PUBLICATIONS & REPORTS [top]

We have also developed over the years strong scientific and technical knowledge and market intelligence in minerals, metals, advanced materials, and specialty inorganic chemicals.  Upon request, we publish in-depth research reports and conduct client-sponsored research and in-depth technology and process evaluations. Reports for our clients remain strictly confidential. Such reports comprise for instance: (1) Comprehensive scientific and technical reviews of existing technologies. (2) Detailed descriptions of current commercial manufacturing processes. (3) Descriptions of industry production trends, major producer locations and nameplate capacities.  (4) Detailed supply and demand analysis of current markets for industrial minerals, metals, advanced materials, chemicals or group of chemicals. Finally, (5) detailed evaluation of the size and nature of specific end-use markets and trends.

ELECTROCHEMICAL & METALLURGICAL R&D LABORATORY [top]

Please find below the list of laboratory equipments that are currently available in our recent 700-sq. ft. chemical & materials laboratory fully equipped with fume hoods, work benches, glass shelves, chemical storage cabinets and all the regulatory safety equipments:

ELECTROCHEMICAL PROCESSES & ELECTROMETALLURGY
WET INORGANIC CHEMISTRY & HYDROMETALLURGY
HIGH TEMPERATURE PROCESSING, MOLTEN SALTS & PYROMETALLURGY
APPLIED MINERALOGY & MINERAL DRESSING & PROSPECTING

PROFESSIONAL COLLABORATIONS & PARTNERSHIPS [top]

When required by the scope and coverage of the project, ELECTROCHEM TECHNOLOGIES & MATERIALS INC., with prior approval of the client, establishes strategic collaborations and partnerships with various Canadian companies. For instance, when it comes:

SKILLS & EXPERTISE

FIELDS
DESCRIPTION OF CAPABILITIES
Industrial Electrochemistry

Electrochemical Processes

Electrometallurgy

Electrochemical Remediation

Electrochemical Recycling


Inorganic Electrosynthesis
  • Electrochemical Processes.
  • Electrosynthesis of inorganic chemicals.
  • Electrodialysis.
• Electrowinning and Electrorefining of Metals in Aqueous Solutions

• Electrochemical Treatment of Metallurgical Wastes
  • Electrochemical regeneration of spent acids from pregnant leach solutions (PLS).
  • Electrochemical recovery of metal values from pregnant leach solutions.
  • Electrochemical removal of traces of heavy metals from industrial effluents and acid mine drainage (AMD).
  • Electrochemical recovery of metals values from mining residues, metallurgical and industrial wastes.
  • Electrowinning of iron and iron-rich alloys
  • Electrowinning of manganese
Electrochemical Treatment of  Organic Wastes and Liquid Effluents
  • Electrochemical destruction of agricultural wastes (e.g., hog manure).
  • Electrochemical oxidation (e.g., ammonia waters, landfill leachate).
  • Electrocoagulation (e.g., acid mine drainage).
  • Electroflocculation (e.g., black liquors).
Design and Scale-up of Electrolyzers
  • Design and construction of electrolyzers from bench scale to mini-pilot scale.
  • Polymer concrete cells, rectangular cells, three-compartment cells, tubular cells.
Electrodes Materials

Separators and Membrane Materials
Preparation of Novel Electrode Materials
  • Composite electrode materials.
  • Preparation of dimensionally stable electrodes.
  • Preparation of mixed metal oxides anodes (MMO).
  • Preparation of sacrificial electrodes and nonconventional ceramic materials.
Selection and Benchmarking of Industrial Electrode Materials
  • Service life and failure mode analysis of electrodes.
  • Benchmarking of commercial electrode materials.
Selection and Benchmarking of Separators and Membranes
  • Service life and failure mode analysis of ion exchange membranes.
  • Benchmarking of commercial ion exchange membrane materials.
High Temperatures Electrolysis

Electrochemistry in Molten Salts (Fused Salts)
Electrowinning and Electrorefining of Refractory Metals
  • Ti, Zr, Hf, V, Nb, Ta, Cr, Mo, W, and Rhenium
  • Lanthanides and rare earth elements (REEs) & Mischmetal
  • Inert anodes for electrowinning lithium, magnesium, and aluminum.
Electrowinning of Alkali Metals (Lithium and Sodium)
  • Electrocoating of metallic substrates in molten salts.
Electrochemical Measurements in Molten Salt Electrolytes
  • Steady state and transient voltammetry.
  • Electrical conductivity and transport properties.
  • Fabrication of reference electrodes.
  • Measurement of dissolved oxygen.
Hydrometallurgy
  • Sulfuric acid digestion and sulfation reations in concentrated sulfuric acid
  • Acid leaching of ores and concentrates using counter-current cascade reactors.
  • Alkaline or caustic leaching or ores and concentrates using counter-current cascade reactors.
  • Hydrometallurgical processes for the recovery of vanadium, niobium, tantalum, chromium, molybdenum, and tungsten.
Materials Selection

Materials Processing
Selection of Corrosion Resistant Materials
  • Refractory metals and their alloys (e.g., Ti, Zr, Hf, V, Nb, Ta, Cr, Mo, W).
  • Precious and noble metals (e.g.,Cu, Ag, Au).
  • Platinum Group Metals (e.g.,Ru, Rh, Pd, Os, Ir, Pt).
  • Advanced ceramics and high temperature refractories.
  • Corrosion resistant materials and coatings towards molten caustic alkali-metal hydroxides and carbonates (e.g., NaOH, KOH, LiOH).
  • Corrosion resistant materials and coatings towards strong mineral acids and their mixtures (e.g., HF, HCl, H2SO4, HNO3).
  • Corrosion resistant materials and coatings towards mixtures of iodine-hydroiodic acid and bromine and hydrobromic acid (e.g., HI-I2, HBr-Br2,).
Surface Finishing of Refractory Metals
  • Chemical and electrolytic polishing of titanium, zirconium, hafnium, tantalum, niobium, molybdenum, and tungsten.
High Temperature Chemistry

Pyrometallurgy and Pyrochemistry

Molten Slags and Liquid Metals
• Design and Construction of High Temperature Furnaces
  • Design and construction of thermal insulation, selection of power supply and instrumentation.
  • Electrothermal processes.
  • Transfered and submerged DC/AC electric arc furnaces (EAF, SAF).
  • Aluminothermic and carbothermic reduction.
  • Ferroalloys, and electrofused ceramics.
  • Selection of refractories and castables.
  • Heat transfer and electrical calculations.
Measurement of Physical Properties of Molten Slags, Salts and Ionic Melts
  • Density, viscosity, surface tension, wetting and contact angles.
  • Electrical conductivity, vapor pressure, and specific heat capacity.
Pyroprocessing and Pyrometallurgy
  • Metallothermic reduction of reactive and refractory metal oxides (e.g., aluminothermic, calciothermic).
  • Purification and handling of liquid alkali metals (lithium, sodium and potassium).
  • Pyrometallurgical processes for the recovery of vanadium, niobium, tantalum, tungsten and rare earths.
  • Ferroalloys production (ferro-titanium, ferro-silicon, ferro-niobium).
  • Soda-ash roasting of vanadium concentrates and vanadium slags
  • Sulfation roasting of lithium concentrates with sulfuric acid and alkali-metal sulfates
Carbo-chlorination of Titanium and Niobium (Columbium) rich Feedstocks
  • Design of bench and pilot scale chlorinator (i.e., fluidized bed, feeder, cyclones and settling chambers).
  • Low temperature carbo-chlorination of titanium oxycarbides (TiOCs) and oxynitrides (TiONs).
  • Carbo-chlorination of ferroniobium (FeNb) and ferrotantalumniobium (FeTaNb).
  • Monitoring of phosgene (COCl2) concentrations in off-gases and refractory metal chlorides.
  • Reduction of carryover by various techniques (e.g., quenching, free-board expansion, cyclones).
Sourcing of Strategic Raw Materials and Metals

Applied Mineralogy and Petrography
Geological Exploration and Mining Prospection
  • Sourcing of strategic metals (lithium, vanadium, niobium, tantalum, tungsten, rhenium, rare earths and thorium).
  • Abandonned or active mine sites auditing with team of professional geologists and mining engineers.
  • Site auditing and due diligence
Mineral Dressing Techniques and Ore Beneficiation
  • Crushing and grinding.
  • Gravity separation (heavy media, jigs, hydrocyclones, spirals).
  • Magnetic and electrostatic separation.
  • Froth flotation.
Applied Mineralogy and Petrography
  • Practical mineral identification techniques and optical crystallography (orthoscopic and conoscopic microscopy)
  • Polarizing microscopy and thin sections (minerals, rocks, cements, refractories)
  • Opaque minerals microscopy and ores metallography
  • Microchemical analysis
Radioactivity in the  Mining and Metallurgical Industries
  • Radioactivity from rare earths oxides (REOs) concentrates (monazite, bastnaesite, xenotime and loparite).
  • NORM and TENORM in the mining, mineral processing and metallurgical industries.
Project Management
  • Project Management.
  • Planning.
  • Plant Auditing and Due Diligence.
  • Capital Costs (CAPEX) & Operating Costs (OPEX) estimates.
  • Preliminary financial evaluation (NPV, IRR, ROI, payback), sensitivity and risk analysis.
  • Business Plan.
  • Control Plan.
Technical Writing

On-site Training
  • Reference handbooks.
  • Securing Intellectual property and patents.
  • Professional reports and market analysis.

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Keywords  industrial electrochemistry, electrochemical engineering, electrochemical processes, electrothermal processes, transfered and submerged electric arc furnaces, aluminothermic and carbothermic reduction, ferroalloys, electrofused ceramics, materials engineering, materials science, materials data, properties of materials properties, aqueous electrolytes, molten salts, fused salts, electrolysis, electrode kinetics, corrosion science, electrodeposition, electrowinning, electrorefining, electrocatalysis, electrooxidation, electrocoagulation, electrofloculation, electrodes, cathodes, inert anodes, dimensionally stable electrodes, chlorine evolution, oxygen evolution, mixed metal oxides (MMO), activated titanium anodes, oxide coated titanium anodes, lead anodes, refractory metals, molten slags, liquid metals, lithium, cesium tungstate, titanium, zirconium, hafnium, vanadium, vanadium pentoxide, vanadyl sulfate, ammonium polyvanadate, sodium metavanadate, VanadiumCorp-Electrochem Processing Technology (VEPT), niobium, tantalum, chromium, molybdenum, tungsten, rhenium, rare earth elements, thorium, uranium, applied mineralogy and petrography, extractive metallurgy, pyrometallurgy, hydrometallurgy, electrometallurgy, natural radioactivity, recycling, mining residues, metallurgical wastes, industrial wastes.